Thursday, March 7, 2019

As Fast as Food Essay

betting nutrition eateryA debased aliment eatery, in every case k this instant as a quick e realplacehaul eating house (QSR) wi rationalize the manufacture itself, is a specific type of eating place characterized both by its degenerate pabulum cuisine and by minimal table utility. Food served in abstain regimen restaurants naturally adds to a magnetic core-sweet diet and is offered from a confine menu is cooked in bulk in advance and kept blistery is finished and packaged to assemble and is usually available ready to hire away, though position may be provided.Fast f be restaurants ar usually percent of a restaurant mountain bowed stringed instrument or licence operational room, which provisions receivedized ingredients and/or partially prep ard nutritions and supplies to each restaurant through controlled supply channels. The term expeditey victuals was recognize in a dictionary by MerriamWebster in 1951. 1 Arguably the maiden firm nutrient restaurants originated in the coupled States with A&W in 1916 and sporty castle in 1921. 2 Today, the Statesn-founded troubled nutrient manacles such as McDonalds and KFC are multinational corporations with outlets across the globe.Variations on the unwavering nourishment restaurant construct take dissipated casual restaurants and catering trucks. Fast casual restaurants make lavishlyer sit-in ratios, and customers can sit and lose their orders brought to them. Catering trucks oft park just outside worksites and are best-selling(predicate) with factory workers. HistorySome trace the modern write up of degraded aliment for thought in the States to July 7, 1912, with the commencement of a devalued victuals restaurant called the Automat in parvenue York.The Automat was a cafeteria with its prepared pabulums behind tiny glass windows and coin-operated slots. Joseph tusk and Frank Hardart had already open(a) the depression Horn & Hardart Automat in Philade lphia in 1902, entirely their Automat at Broadway and 13th Street, in unsanded York City, created a sensation. Numerous Automat restaurants were built somewhat the country to deal with the demand. Automats pillowed extremely customary throughout the 1920s and 1930s. The company also habitualized the notion of take-out fodder, with their slogan little work for M early(a).Some historians and secondary trail textbooks concur that A&W, which undecided in 1919 and began franchising in 1921, was the first luxuriant fodder restaurant (E. Tavares). Thus, the the Statesn company white-hot Castle is generally credited with opening the second desist-food outlet in Wichita, Kansas in 1921, selling burgers for five cents to each whizz from its inception and spawning numerous competitors and emulators. What is certain, however, is that White Castle made the first material effort to standardize the food crosswayion in, look of, and operation of degraded-food hamburger restauran ts.William Ingrams and Walter Andersons White Castle System created the first stead extravagant food supply chain to provide meat, buns, paper goods, and different supplies to their restaurants, pi unityered the concept of the multistate hamburger restaurant chain, interchangeable the look and construction of the restaurants themselves, and even essential a construction division that manufactured and built the chains prefabricated restaurant buildings.The McDonalds Speedee Service System and, much later, Ray Krocs McDonalds outlets and Hamburger University all built on principles, systems and practices that White Castle had already established among 1923 and 1932. The hamburger restaurant about associated by the globe with the term fast food was created by two brothers originally from Nashua, New Hampshire. Richard and Maurice McDonald opened a barbecue drive-in in 1940 in the metropolis of San Bernardino, atomic number 20.After discovering that nearly of their profits cam e from hamburgers, the brothers unsympathetic their restaurant for three months and reopened it in 1948 as a walk-up stand offering a uncomplicated menu of hamburgers, French fries, shakes, coffee, and Coca-Cola, served in disposable paper wrapping. As a result, they could produce hamburgers and fries constantly, without waiting for customer orders, and could serve them immediately hamburgers bell 15 cents, about half the set at a typical diner. Their stream transmission lined production method, which they named the Speedee Service System was influenced by the production line innovations of Henry Ford.By 1954, The McDonald brothers stand was restaurant equipment manufacturer Prince Castles biggest barter forr of milkshake blending machines. Prince Castle changesman Ray Kroc traveled to California to discover why the company had purchased almost a dozen of the units as opposed to the normal one or two found in most restaurants of the time. Enticed by the success of the McDonald s concept, Kroc signed a dealership agreement with the brothers and began opening McDonalds restaurants in Illinois. 3 By 1961, Kroc had bought out the brothers and created what is now the modern McDonalds community.One of the major parts of his business intention was to promote cleanliness of his restaurants to growing classs of Americans that had effect aware of food safety issues. As part of his commitment to cleanliness, Kroc often took part in cleaning his witness Des Plaines, Illinois outlet by hosing down the garbage cans and scraping maunder off the cement. Another concept Kroc added was cracking swaths of glass which enabled the customer to visible horizon the food preparation, a practice still found in shackles such as Krispy Kreme.A clean melodic line was scarcely part of Krocs grander plan which separated McDonalds from the rest of the competition and attributes to their great success. Kroc envisioned making his restaurants appeal to fighterurban families. 4 At roughly the similar time as Kroc was conceiving what eventually became McDonalds Corporation, two Miami, Florida businessmen, James McLa much and David Edgerton, opened a license of the predecessor to what is now the globalist fast food restaurant chain Burger powerfulness.McLa more than had visited the original McDonalds hamburger stand belong to the McDonald brothers sensing potential in their innovative assembly line-based production system, he decided he wanted to open a similar operation of his own. 56 The two partners eventually decided to invest their money in gobsonville, Florida-based Insta-Burger King. in the beginning opened in 1953, the founders and owners of the chain, Kieth J. Kramer and his wifes uncle Matthew Burns, opened their first stores most a piece of equipment known as the Insta-Broiler.The Insta-Broiler oven proved so productive at cooking burgers, they required all of their franchises to carry the device. 5 By 1959 McLamore and Edgarton were ope rating several messs within the Miami-Dade area and were growing at a fast clip. Despite the success of their operation, the partners discovered that the design of the insta-broiler made the units heating elements prone to degradation from the drippings of the beef patties. The pair eventually created a mechanized gas grill that avoided the problems by changing the way the meat patties were cooked in the unit.After the original company began to falter in 1959, it was purchased by McLamore and Edgerton who renamed the company Burger King. 7 While fast food restaurants usually shake off a seating area in which customers can eat the food on the premises, orders are designed to be taken away, and traditional table service is rare. Orders are generally taken and paid for at a good counter, with the customer waiting by the counter for a tray or container for their food. A drive-through service can quit customers to order and pick up food from their cars.Nearly from its inception, fas t food has been designed to be eaten on the go and often does not require traditional cutlery and is eaten as a finger food. Common menu items at fast food outlets hold fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, french fries, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, and ice cream, although galore(postnominal) fast food restaurants offer slower foods handle chili, mashed potatoes, and salads. CuisineModern moneymaking(prenominal) fast food is highly elegant and prepared on a large scurf from bulk ingredients using standardized cooking and production methods and equipment.It is usually quickly served in cartons or bags or in a plastic wrapping, in a fashion which reduces operating cost by allowing rapid product identification and counting, promoting longer holding time, avoiding transfer of bacteria, and facilitating order fulfillment. In most fast food operations, menu items are generally made from processed ingredients prepared at a central supply facilities and the n shipped to psyche outlets where they are cooked (usually by grill, microwave, or deep-frying) or assembled in a soon amount of time either in anticipation of upcoming orders (i. e. , to rake) or in response to actual orders (i. e., to order).Following standard operating procedures, pre-cooked products are monitored for novelness and disposed of if holding times befit excessive.This process ensures a consistent level of product quality, and is key to delivering the order quickly to the customer and avoiding press and equipment costs in the individual stores. Because of commercial emphasis on taste, speed, product safety, kindredity, and low cost, fast food products are made with ingredients formulated to achieve an identifiable flavor, aroma, texture, and mouth feel and to preserves freshness and control handling costs during preparation and order fulfillment.This requires a high degree of food engineering. The use of additives, including salt, sugar, flavorings and preserv atives, and process techniques may marches the nutritional value of the final product. determine mealsA value meal is a group of menu items offered together at a lower footing than they would cost individually. They are common at fast food restaurants. Value meals are a common merchandising tactic to facilitate bundling, up-selling, and price discrimination. Most of the time they can be upgraded to a larger coat of fries and drink for a small fee.The perceived creation of a discount on individual menu items in exchange for the purchase of a meal is also consistent with the loyalty marketing school of thought. 8 TechnologyTo make quick service possible and to ensure accuracy and security, many fast food restaurants feature in corporald hospitality point of sale systems. This makes it possible for kitchen crew concourse to view orders placed at the expect counter or drive through in real time. radio systems allow orders placed at drive through speakers to be taken by cashiers and cooks.Drive through and walk through configurations will allow orders to be taken at one register and paid at another. Modern point of sale systems can operate on ready reckoner networks using a variety of software programs. Sales records can be generated and remote access to computer reports can be given(p) to corporate offices, managers, troubleshooters, and other authorized personnel. Food service manacles partner with food equipment manufacturers to design highly specialized restaurant equipment, often incorporating heat sensors, timers, and other electronic controls into the design.Collaborative design techniques, such as rapid visualization and parametric modeling of restaurant kitchens are now being utilise to establish equipment specifications that are consistent with restaurant operating and merchandising requirements. 9 telephone line Consumer spendingIn the join States alone, consumers spent about $110 accountingion on fast food in 2000 (which plusd from $6 b illion in 1970). 10 The internal Restaurant Association forecasts that fast food restaurants in the U. S. will touch on $142 billion in sales in 2006, a 5% annex over 2005.In comparison, the full-service restaurant segment of the food constancy is anticipate to generate $173 billion in sales. Fast food has been losing market share to so-called fast casual restaurants, which offer more robust and costly cuisines. Major international brandsMcDonalds, a noted fast food supplier, opened its first franchised restaurant in the US in 1955 (1974 in the UK). It has become a phenomenally successful enterprise in terms of monetary growth, brand-name recognition, and worldwide expansion. Ray Kroc, who bought the franchising license from the McDonald brothers, pioneered many concepts which emphasized standardization.He introduced uniform products, identical in all re mark at each outlet, to increase sales. At the same time, Kroc also insisted on cutting food costs as much as possible, e ventually using the McDonalds Corporations size to force suppliers to conform to this ethos. Other prominent international fast food companies include Burger King, the number two hamburger chain in the world, known for promoting its customized menu offerings (Have it Your Way). Multinational corporations typically modify their menus to cater to local anesthetic tastes and most overseas outlets are owned by inbred franchisees.McDonalds in India, for example, uses chicken and paneer sort of than beef in its burgers because Hinduism traditionally forbids eating beef. In Israel some McDonalds restaurants are clean and respect the Jewish Shabbat there is also a kosher McDonalds in Argentina. In Egypt, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, and Singapore, all menu items are halal. North America Animal fries from In-N-Out Burgers secret menu Many fast food operations halt more local and regional roots, such as White Castle in the Midwest get together States, on with Hardees (owned by CKE Restaurants, which also owns Carls Jr., whose locations are in general on the United States West Coast)Krystal, Bojangles Famous Chicken n Biscuits, Cook Out, and Zaxbys restaurants in the American Southeast Raising Canes in Louisiana Hot n Now in Michigan and Wisconsin In-N-Out Burger (in California, Arizona, Nevada, do, and Texas) and schoolmaster Tommys bonds in Southern California Dicks Drive-In in Seattle, Washington and Arctic Circle in Utah and other western states Halo Burger nearly Flint, Michigan and Burgerville in the Portland, operating theater area.Also, Whataburger is a democratic burger chain in the American South and Mexico, and Jack in the Box is turn up in the West and South. Canada pizza chains Toppers pizza pie and Pizza Pizza are primarily located in Ontario. Coffee chain Country Style operates alone in Ontario, and competes with the famous coffee and donut chain Tim Hortons. Maid-Rite restaurant is one of the oldest chain fast food restaurants in the U nited States. Founded in 1926, their distinctiveness is a loose meat hamburger.Maid-Rites can be found in the midwest mainly Iowa, Minnesota, Illinois, and Missouri. International brands dominant in North America include McDonaldss, Burger King and Wendys, the number three burger chain in the the States Dunkin Donuts, a New England based chain automobile oriented sonic Drive-Ins from Oklahoma City Starbucks, Seattle-born coffee-based fast food swallow corporation KFC, a part of the largest restaurant conglomerate in the world, Yum Brands and half masks Pizza, a pizza chain known for popularizing home saving of fast food.Subway is known for their sub sandwiches and are the largest restaurant chain to serve such food items. 11 Quiznos a Denver based sub shop is another fast growing sub chain, yet with over 6,000 locations it is still far behind Subways 34,000 locations. Other small sub shops include Blimpie, Jersey Mikes Subs, Mr. Goodcents, Jimmy derrieres, and Firehouse. A&W Restaurants was originally a United States and Canada fast food brand, but is currently an International fast food corporation in several countries.In Canada the majority of fast food chains are American owned, or were originally American owned but set out since set up a Canadian management/headquarters location in cities such as Toronto and Vancouver such as Panera Bread, Chipotle Mexican Grill, quintette Guys, Carls Jr. and Chilis. Although the case is usually American fast food chains put outing into Canada, Canadian chains such as Tim Hortons buzz off expanded into 22 states in the United States, but are more prominent in border states such as New York and Michigan. Tim Hortons has started to expand to other countries outside of North America.The Canadian Extreme Pita franchise sells low fat and salt pita sandwiches with stores in the larger Canadian cities. Other Canadian fast food chains such as Manchu Wok serve North American style Asian foods this company is located main ly in Canada and the USA, with other outlets on US military bases on other continents. Harveys is a Canadian burger restaurant chain. The United KingdomIn the United Kingdom, many home based fast food operations were closed in the 1970s and 1980s after McDonalds became the number one outlet in the marketcitation needed.However, brands like Wimpy still remain, although the majority of branches became Burger King in 1989. JapanTraditional ramen and sushi restaurants still dominate fast food culture in Japan, although American outlets like Pizza Hut, McDonalds, and KFC are also popular, along with Japanese chains like MOS Burger. NigeriaIn Nigeria, Mr. Biggs, Chicken Republic, Tantalizers, and Tastee Fried Chicken are the predominant fast food chains. KFC and Pizza Hut birth recently entered the country. PakistanFast food In Pakistan varies.There are many international chains fortune fast food, including Nandos, KFC, McDonalds, Dunkin Donuts, Subway, Pizza Hut, Hardees, Telepizza and Gloria Jeans Coffees. In addition to the international chains, in local cuisine plenty in Pakistan like to have biryani, bun kebabs, Nihari, kebab rolls etc. as fast food. South AfricaKFC is the most popular fast food chain in South Africa accord to a 2010 Sunday Times survey. 12 Chicken Licken, Wimpy and Ocean field goal along with Nandos and Steers are examples of homegrown franchises that are highly popular within the country.McDonalds, Subway and Pizza Hut have a evidentiary presence within South Africa. China and Hong KongIn Hong Kong, although McDonalds and KFC are kind of popular, there are 3 major local fast food chains providing Hong Kong Chinese style fast food. These 3 major chains are Cafe de Coral, Fairwood Fast Food, and Maxim MX. In recent years, they have also been extending their operations to Mainland China. IsraelIn Israel, local burger chain Burger Ranch is popular as are McDonalds, Burger King and KFC. Dominos Pizza is also a popular fast food restaurant. Chains like McDonalds offer kosher branches.Non-kosher foods such as cheeseburgers are rare in Israeli fast food chains, even in non-kosher branches. There are many small local fast food chains that serve pizza, burgers and local foods such as falafel. New ZealandIn New Zealand, the fast food market began in the 1970s with KFC (opened 1971), Pizza Hut (1974), and McDonalds (1976),13 and all three remain popular today. Burger King and Dominos entered the market later in the 1990s. Australian pizza chains Eagle Boys and Pizza Haven also entered the market in the 1990s, but their New Zealand operations were later sell to Pizza Hut and Dominos.Two fast food chains were founded in New Zealand Georgie Pie and Hell Pizza. Georgie Pie opened in 1977, and was based around the Australian and New Zealand meat pie. They went through a failed expansion guarantee in the mid-1990s and became economically unviable, resulting in the chain being sold to McDonalds in 1996 the last Georgie Pie restaur ant was closed in 1998. Hell Pizza was founded in 1996 in Wellington, and is known for its satanic marketing. Today, it has 64 stores in New Zealand, and also has stores in the UK, Australia, Ireland and Canada.TrendsHealth concernsSome of the large fast food chains are beginning to incorporate healthier alternatives in their menu, e. g. , black-and-blue meat, snack wraps, salads, and fresh fruit. However, some people see these moves as a tokenistic and commercial measure, rather than an appropriate reaction to ethical concerns about the world ecology and peoples health. McDonalds announced that in March 2006, the chain would include nutritional schooling on the packaging of all of its products. 14 Consumer appealFast food outlets have become popular with consumers for several reasons.One is that through economies of scale in purchasing and producing food, these companies can deliver food to consumers at a very low cost. In addition, although some people dislike fast food for its predictability, it can be reassuring to a hungry person in a hurry or far from homecitation needed In the post-World fight II period in the United States, fast food chains like McDonalds rapidly gained a reputation for their cleanliness, fast service, and a child-friendly atmosphere where families on the road could grab a quick meal, or hear a break from the routine of home cookingcitation needed.Prior to the rise of the fast food chain restaurant, people generally had a choice between greasy spoon diners where the quality of the food was often questionable and service lacking, or high-end restaurants that were expensive and impractical for families with childrencitation needed. The modern, stream-lined convenience of the fast food restaurant provided a new alternative and appealed to Americans instinct for ideas and products associated with progress, technology, and innovation.citation needed Fast food restaurants rapidly became the eatery everyone could agree on, with many featu ring child-size menu combos, play areas, and whimsical stigmatization campaigns, like the iconic Ronald McDonald, designed to appeal to younger customers. Parents could have a few minutes of peace while children played or entertain themselves with the toys included in their Happy Meal. There is a long autobiography of fast food advertising campaigns, many of which are directed at children.In other parts of the world, American and American-style fast food outlets have been popular for their quality, customer service, and novelty, even though they are often the targets of popular anger towards American foreign policy or globalization more generallycitation needed. Many consumers nonetheless see them as symbols of the wealth, progress, and well-ordered openness of westerly society and therefore become trendy attractions in many cities around the world, particularly among younger people with more varied tastes.citation needed Impact of fast food restaurant availabilityOver time, fas t food restaurants have been growing rapidly, curiously in urban neighborhoods. According to US research, low-income and predominantly African-American neighborhoods have greater exposure to fast food outlets than higher income and predominantly livid areas. 15 This has put into question whether urbanized neighborhoods were targeted, which causes a more unhealthy group of people compared to people from a higher socioeconomic status.It has also been shown that there is a lower chance of finding a fast food restaurant in a suburban neighborhood. In a essay of selected US locations, Morland et al. (2002) found the number of fast food restaurants and bars was in return proportional to the wealth of the neighborhood, and that predominantly African-American residential areas were four times less likely to have a supermarket near them than predominantly white areas.16 Innovations timeline 1872 Walter Scott of Providence, RI outfitted a horse-drawn lunch wagon with a saucer-eyed kitche n, bringing hot dinners to workers17 1902 First Horn & Hardart Automat opened in Philadelphia 1912 Horn & Hardart opens a second Automat in Manhattan 1916 Walter Anderson built the first White Castle in Wichita, KS in 1916, introducing the limited menu, high volume, low cost, high speed hamburger restaurant17 1919 A&W Root Beer took its product out of the pappa fountain and into a roadside stand17 1921 A&W Root Beer began franchising its syrup17.1921 White Castle opens its first restaurant 1926 Maid-Rite opened its first restaurant in Muscatine, Iowa. 1930s Howard Johnsons pioneered the concept of franchising restaurants, formally standardizing menus, signage, and advertising17 1948 In-N-Out Burger begins drive-through service utilizing call-box technology 1967 McDonalds opens its first restaurants outside the U. S. 1 1971 McDonalds begins serving breakfast, test-marketing the Egg McMuffin in the U. S.2 1971 The first Starbucks store opens in Seattle, Washington in Pike Place food stuff to sell high-quality coffee beans and equipment 1980 7-Eleven introduces the 32-US-fluid-ounce (950 ml) Big Gulp 1981 Arbys offers nutritional information 1987 Howard Schultz leads purchase of the Starbucks brand from its founders (who adopted the name Peets) and begins offering coffee drinks simulate after those sold in Italian coffee bars 1994 McDonalds begins supersizing Extra Value Meals.1994 Arctic Circle becomes the first fast food restaurant to sell Angus beef exclusively. 1994 Arbys is first fast food restaurant to implement a no-smoking policy 2002 McDonalds cuts back down on the amount of trans fat by 48 percent on french fries 2006 Arbys begins elimination of trans fat oils in french fries Criticisms Hot Dog The fast food industry is a popular target for critics, from anti-globalization activists like Jose Bove to vegetarian activist groups such as PETA.In his best-selling 2001 book Fast Food Nation, investigative journalist Eric Schlosser leveled a broad, socioec onomic critique against the fast food industry, documenting how fast food locomote from small, family-run businesses (like the McDonald brothers burger joint) into large, multinational corporate juggernauts whose economies of scale radically transformed agriculture, meat processing, and labor markets in the late twentieth century.While the innovations of the fast food industry gave Americans more and cheaper dining options, it has come at the price of destroying the environment, economy, and small-town communities of rural America while shielding consumers from the real costs of their convenient meal, both in terms of health and the broader impact of large-scale food production and processing on workers, animals, and land. The fast food industry is popular in the United States, the source of most of its innovation, and many major international chains are based there.Seen as symbols of U. S. dominance and perceived cultural imperialism, American fast food franchises have often been the target of Anti-globalization protests and demonstrations against the U. S. government. In 2005, for example, rioters in Karachi, Pakistan, who were ab initio angered because of the bombing of a Shiite mosque, destroyed a KFC restaurant. 18 Legal issuesIn 2003, McDonalds was sued in a New York court by a family who claimed that the restaurant chain was responsible for their teenage daughters obesity and pinnace health problems.By manipulating foods taste, sugar and fat content, and directing their advertising to children, the suit argued that the company purposely misleads the public about the nutritional value of its product. A judge dismissed the case, but the fast food industry disliked the publicity of its practices, particularly the way it targets children in its advertising. 19 Although raise lawsuits have not materialized, the issue is kept alive in the media and policy-making circles by those promoting the need for tort reform. 20.In response to this, the Cheeseburge r Bill 21 was passed by the U. S. House of Representatives in 2004 it later stalled in the U. S. Senate. The law was reintroduced in 2005, only to meet the same fate. This law was claimed to ban frivolous lawsuits against producers and sellers of food and non-alcoholic drinks arising from obesity claims. The bill arose because of an increase in lawsuits against fast food chains by people who claimed that eating their products made them obese, disassociating themselves from any of the blame. Fast foodFast food is the term given to food that can be prepared and served very quickly.While any meal with low preparation time can be considered to be fast food, typically the term refers to food sold in a restaurant or store with preheated or precooked ingredients, and served to the customer in a packaged form for take-out/take-away. The term fast food was recognized in a dictionary by MerriamWebster in 1951. Outlets may be stands or kiosks, which may provide no shelter or seating,1 or fast food restaurants (also known as quick service restaurants). certify operations which are part of restaurant chains have standardized foodstuffs shipped to each restaurant from central locations History.Pulling wheat dough into thin strands to form lamian See also Fast food restaurant history The concept of ready-cooked food for sale is closely connected with urban organic evolution. In Ancient Rome cities had street stands that sold bread, sausages and wine. Pre-modern EuropeIn the cities of Roman antiquity, much of the urban population living in insulae, multi-story apartment blocks, depended on food vendors for much of their meals. In the mornings, bread soaked in wine was eaten as a quick snack and cooked vegetables and stews later inpopina, a simple type of eating establishment.3 In the Middle Ages, large towns and major urban areas such as London and Paris supported numerous vendors that sold kayoes such as pies, pasties, flans, waffles, wafers, pancakes and cooked meats. A s in Roman cities during antiquity, many of these establishments catered to those who did not have mean to cook their own food, particularly single households. Unlike richer town dwellers, many often could not afford housing with kitchen facilities and thus relied on fast food. Travellers, as well, such as pilgrims en route to a dedicated site, were among the customers.4 United Kingdom Fish and chips with mushy peas In areas which had access to coastal or tidal waters, fast food would frequently include local shellfish or seafood, such as oysters or, as in London, eels. frequently this seafood would be cooked directly on the quay or close by. 5 The development of puller fishing in the mid nineteenth century would lead to the development of a British favourite fish and chips, and the first shop in 1860. 6 A blue plaque at Oldhams Tommyfield Market marks the origin of the fish and chip shop and fast food industries in Britain.6 British fast food had considerable regional variation . Sometimes the regionality of dish became part of the culture of its respective area. The content of fast food pies has varied, with domestic fowl (such as chickens) or wildfowl commonly being used. After World fight II, turkey has been used more frequently in fast food. 7 As well as its native cuisine, the UK has adopted fast food from other cultures, such as pizza, Chinese noodles, kebab, and curry. More recently healthier alternatives to ceremonious fast food have also emerged. United States.Neighboring fast food restaurant advertisement signs in Bowling Green, Kentucky for Wendys, KFC, Krystal and Taco toll As automobiles became popular and more affordable following World War I, drive-in restaurants were introduced. The American company White Castle, founded by Billy Ingram and Walter Anderson in Wichita, Kansas in 1921, is generally credited with opening the second fast food outlet and first hamburger chain, selling hamburgers for five cents each. 8 Walter Anderson had buil t the first White Castle restaurant in Wichita in 1916, introducing the limited menu, high volume, low cost, high speed hamburger restaurant.9 Among its innovations, the company allowed customers to see the food being prepared. White Castle was successful from its inception and spawned numerous competitors. Franchising was introduced in 1921 by A&W Root Beer, which franchised its distinctive syrup. Howard Johnsons first franchised the restaurant concept in the mid-1930s, formally standardizing menus, signage and advertising. 9 Curb service was introduced in the late 1920s and was mobilized in the 1940s when carhops strapped on roller skates. 10.The United States has the largest fast food industry in the world, and American fast food restaurants are located in over 100 countries. Approximately 2 million U. S. workers are employed in the areas of food preparation and food servicing including fast food in the USA. 11 On the go McDonalds first two-lane drive-thru was at the Rock N Roll McDonalds in Chicago.Fast food outlets are take-away or take-out providers, often with a drive-through service which allows customers to order and pick up food from their cars, but most also have indoor and/or outdoor seating areas in which the customers can eat the food on-site. Nearly from its inception, fast food has been designed to be eate.

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