Wednesday, March 6, 2019
ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s Three Philosophies Essay
China has nonpareil of the longest histories in past sphere history. As civilization developed, so did ideas ab out(a) religion, endureledge, values, society, and the world. Three of the most noted angiotensin converting enzymes were the Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. There be many a(prenominal) different and similar ideas in these ternary philosophies. Confucianism has many characteristics and ideas for life and cordial allege. It came from the teachings of a Chinese philosopher named Confucius, or Kongzi. His students enter all his teachings in a book called the Analects, which mainly focused on accessible and family relationships (4).Confucius believed that respect for differents was necessary for peace within society. Confucius ideal that human being nature is morally neutral, and it is tidy sums choices in their later lives that determine if they are estimable or bad (1). Two of Confuciuss students, Mencius and Xunzi, argued about whether humans are born high-priced or evil. Mencius believed that humans are inevitably good (1). If one is bad, or lacks a mind that knows reclaim and wrong, one would not even be considered human (1). Xunzis ideas were more similar to Legalists, who opinion that humans were naturally evil.Confucius believed that everyone had his/her own Dao, the way to proper behavior (3). If everyone followed his/her Dao, and were deferent to others, social high society would follow. Legalism had very different ideas from Confucianism. Instead of respect for others, Legalists believed that unappeasable laws and harsh punishments were the key to social order. Whats different from Xunzis ideas and Legalism was that Legalists thought humans were born evil (4), while Xunzi thought that humans may be born good, but will always turn out bad (1).Legalists disagreed with many of Confuciuss ideas. For example, they didnt think that the universe has a moral core and everything will end up good. Legalists thought that more over firm action with strict laws from the government would bring social order (3). Legalists also disagreed with the Confucianists view of how societys problems could be solved by a government with superior men, and wanted laws that made spate afraid to do wrong, instead (3). Daoism (or Taoism) was founded by LaoZi (Old Master). Scholars dont know for sure if he really existed or not.The Daodejing recorded all of his teachings. unlike Confucianism and Legalism, Daoists care more about natural order than social order (4). They thought that the government should just leave people alone. They believe that if people can live in harmony with nature and their inner feelings, social order will naturally come (4). Daoists thought that arguments about right or wrong are pointless and people should just adopt things as they are (4). Like Confucianism, Daoists also had to follow their own individualistic Dao, or way, though the concepts are a bit different.They believe that one must nonp lus their individual Dao to relate to nature and each other (4). Another important aspect of Daoism is the Yin and Yang. It is the concept of how thither is no threatening without light, and no light without dark. An excerpt from the Daodejing says when they all know the good as good, there arises the recognition of evil (2). Confucianists thought that that people had to work catchy to make earth a better place, while Daoists thought that its isnt action but inaction and letting nature take its work that will help people achieve harmony with the universe and to find the will of Heaven (3).Although there are many differences between Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism, there are also many similarities. They all want to have social order, though through different ways. All the philosophies ideas were recorded in a book. For Confucianism its the Analects. For Daoism its the Daodejing, and even though Xunzi was a Confucianist, his book, The Book of Xunzi, negotiation about Legalism id eas. Daoism and Confucianism both believe that each person has an individual Dao to follow. These common chord philosophies of ancient China have its own interesting characteristics and ideas.Although they have many differences, the three different philosophies are tied together by one goal to have peace in society. These philosophies guided rulers in ancient China and helped them achieve social order. Even now, thousands of years later, you can simmer down see some of their characteristics in the modern world. Bibliography The substantive World account pg. 63 A Debate Over Good and Evil The Essential World register pg. 64 The Daoist Answer to Confucianism The Essential World History pg 61-64 World History Ancient to Modern Times Chapter 6 air division 2 (pg. 153-157).