Friday, March 29, 2019

Geographic Setting Of India History Essay

Geographic Setting Of India History EssayThe Indian subcontinent is a large peninsula. It is surrounded on three sides by the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Bay of Bengal. In the north, the Himalayan Mountain separate India from the liberalisation of Asia. The gallant Himalayas form a nearly impassable barrier that is 1,500 miles long. The rugged Hindi Kush Mountains on the Northwest to a fault present barriers to travel.These geographic barriers allowed the first Indian civilization to develop mostly on its own. Yet India was not all told isolated. Determined invaders pushed their way through steep passes, such(prenominal) as the Khyber diminish in the Hindoo Kush Mountains. Indian traders carried goods through the mountain passes to the Middle eastern United States and China. Furthermore, the surrounding seas served as highway for commercial and cultural contact.The vast Indian subcontinent has many diverse geographic possesss. The three major regions atomic numbe r 18 the Yankee diaphanous, the Deccan tableland, and the Coastal Plain.The three great rivers -the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra flows through the Northern Plain. These broad and remit rivers flow from the snow-covered Himalayas. Together with their tributaries, they supply water for farming and for conveyance of title across the Northern Plain. The fertile soil of the river valleys supports extensive farming. For these reasons the Northern Plain became the home of the first Indian civilization .Later ,invaders set up effectual empires in the Northern Plain. As a result ,the area has compete a dominant role in Indian history.The Deccan Plateau is the triangular shaped area, south of the subcontinent. The Vindhya Mountains separate the plateau from the Northern Plain. The Deccan Plateau is surround on the west and east by long mountain ranges cal guide the westerly and Eastern Ghats. Be social movement it lacks the snow- fed rivers found in the north, the Deccan Plateau s uffer from droughts ,which even up farming difficult.Along the eastern and western coasts of India evasiveness narrow coastal plains, which supports both agriculture and fishing .Although India has few good harbors ,many coastal state of India were seafarers who traded with bulk in other parts of Asia ,Africa and the Middle East.The chief feature of the Indian clime is the monsoon, a seasonal wind system from June until folk , the summer monsoon blows from the Southwest. It picks up moisture over the Indian Ocean and drops torrential rains on the coast and on the Northern Plain. From October to May, the winter monsoon blows from lands to the northeast. Indias hot and ironic season reaches its peak during May and are commonly felt in the Northern Plains.Ruins of Harappan CivilizationEvery year , the people of India wait uneasily for the summer monsoon to bring desperately needed moisture to the parched farmland. When the rain comes, temperature drops ,and crops spring to life. If the monsoon is late ,crops fail ,and food shortages result. The heavy rains can cause destructive floods especially in the lower Ganges vale. Archeologist find traces of ancient civilization in the Indus River vale . Excavations have revealed that this civilization develop most the same time as the early Egyptian and Sumerian Civilizations. The Indus Valley covered an area larger than the Old Kingdom of Egypt (1,500 km.).Two of its cities ,Harappa and Mohenjo-daro lie close to rivers and digging can cause flooding. Despite these handicaps ,archeologists have exposed some valuable information.The Two Cities The ruins of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro reveal that they are products of careful planning. huge straight streets divide residential areas into square blocks. Excavated were houses ,granaries and public halls. There was a sign of a sewer system. Walled fortresses in the towns provided protection.With well-planned cities as Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, the people talent have ha d a knowledge in surveying and geometry. In amplification to this, it could have a strong central government who could have oversee such careful planning and construction.Government and ReligionScholars assume that a priest-king headed the government, and the rulers must have a considerable power because the government exercised hard control. They must have controlled the construction of new buildings and established standards of weights and measures.Like the Egyptians and Sumerians, the people of two cities were polytheist. Statues and masks present that they worshiped a mother-goddess. They also revered sacred animals such as the bull and certain sacred trees.Think and ExplainWhat environmental challenges did the farmers of the Indus Valley salute?Economic LifeAgricultural economy thrived in the Indus valley civilization. On lands surrounding the cities farmers constructed dams and levees to channel water from the rivers to crops of wheat and barley. nutriment surpluses suppo rted the large population and prompted the growth of trade. A merchant circle acquired wealth from trade and commerce in the cities. Merchants exported cotton cloth to places as far as Mesopotamia, gold jewelry stone carvings of animals.End of Indus Valley CivilizationIndus Valley civilization began to decline many years to begin with it finally ended about 1500 C.E. Most authorities believe that about 1500 C.E. the Aryans invaded the Indus valley. When the Indus Valley fell, the people fled to other parts of India. About 1500 C.E the civilization was about forgotten.Like many nomadic people ,the Aryans swept into India through the passes of the Hindu Kush Mountains. Their fierce nomadic herds had come originally from the region between the sable and Caspian Seas north of the Caucasus Mountains. The newcomers already knew the use of iron and the use of horses that gave them superiority in warfare. They came in contact with the Dravidians .These Dravidians were probably the survi vors of the Indus Valley civilization.Their civilization, as revealed from the remains of the town, show a static society. In time, the fusion of Aryans and the Dravidians led to the rise of a new pattern of Indian life. The Aryans introduced the caste system in India. aside from Aryan invasion,flooding was also cited as the cause of decay of the Indus Valley civilization.Recent studies also show that complex ecological change /climate change which led to famines forced inhabitants to leave their well planned cities.Think and reactHow could native disasters have contributed to the decline of Indus valley civilization? What ecological problems does the world face today?EnsureAncient IndiaGeographyIndus ValleyCivilization flip ones lidhttp//palomeitz.googlepages.comExcelIdentify the correct answer.The chief feature of Indian climate is _____________________.The first civilization in India was developed in ______________.The mountain separating India from the rest of Asia is _______ _.The natural phenomenon that makes farming difficult in the Deccan Plateau was ___________.Mountain separating Deccan Plateau from the Northern Plain is ________________.ProveA country can be isolated from other parts of the world by its geographic barriers.Give example. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________Respond to Essential QuestionThe earliest recorded civilization in India began in the near fresh water source -the Indus River.Make ConnectionsImagine that you are an archeologist digging in the Indus region. Write a wish angle of inclination of the three items you would like to uncover to learn more about the Indus Valley civilization

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