Monday, May 20, 2019
Artistic Behavior in the Human Female Essay
The passage above comes from the article, chaste Behavior in the Hu art object Female, by Jean Robertson (2003, p. 24). Robertson (2003) argued that female artists define and interpret female gender in diverse and conflicting ways, and by using varied artistic strategies. Robertson fills assumptions about the cleaning ladys body as a contested terrain, wherein existence a adult female continues to be a champaign of heated debate. For him, how female artists view themselves as women, and as artists, shape their depiction of femininity and female sex activity in their artworks.One of the quotes that Robertson menti stard in his text comes from Simon de Beauvoir. In her seminal book, The Second Sex, she worried that One is not born a charr, but, quite an, becomes one. I want to reflect on de Beauvoirs statement and Robertsons view about the womans body. I agree with de Beauvoir that social experiences and political conditions impact the construction of organism a woman. S ociety shapes how women and men see femininity and gender roles through establishing gender roles and expectations.An example is when a girl is conditioned by her mother to be a woman, by telling her how she should act as a woman. This includes educating her about the toys she can and cannot use, and the games she can and cannot play. The girl learns that she should act and think a certain way, in order to be feminine. She learns that she cannot be boisterous or get involved in sports, because that would be in like manner manly for her. This girl is the perfect example of becoming a woman. On the other hand, I similarly agree that being a woman is a biological and individual construct.A woman is a product of her biology, whether she likes it or not. This is why women are too defined by their sexual organs. Their biology also determines their sex, as well as their gender. Furthermore, being a woman is a product of individual desires and needs. whatever woman can define her woma nhood the way she also wants it to. Robertson indicated the existence of the pluralities of femininity. It is true that a womans body is a contested terrain, and for me, what is wrong with that? Is it not also possible to draw ternary femininities, instead of having only one start to define and to interpret what it means to be a woman?There is nothing wrong, in my opinion, of having different ways of being a woman, because to deny one approach to womanhood undermines the very essence of being a free woman. Journal entry 2 In A conversation about zip and class, Childers and Hooks (1990) argued that gender should be expanded to include issues of race and class. They said that we should begin by talking about how we go through the struggle to challenge and expand the kinfolk of gender (pp. 61-62). For them, people cannot understand gender in its whole sense, if racial and class issues are overlook in gender analysis.This reading challenged my view of gender, by asking me to see gender through a much broader lens. I have not considered that gender issues also intersect racial and class issues. On the other hand, Childers and Hooks (1990) compelled me to think about the politics of gender. This is related to our discussions about gender as a political object. The politics of gender demonstrate that there are hierarchies to the feminine gender that are experienced by many women. Power is also affected by ones class and race.If uninfected female women feel that there is a glass ceiling at the workplace, set about-class black and Latino women face a greater and heavier glass ceiling in society. Because of their class and race, they feel and experience twofold glass ceilings- the ceiling of racial discrimination, the ceiling of class discrimination, and the ceiling of gender discrimination. These ceilings, on top of one another, represent something more than just a hindrance to economic development, but resemble ceilings that are like a shot pressed on thes e womens bodies.They could hardly breathe, because there are just too many ceilings that make it difficult for them to even survive. Now, I look gender as an amalgam of issues that women bring to gender discourse. As a result, race and issue not only expand gender discourse, but considering them has also broadened my understanding of gender and its diverse conflicts. Journal entry 3 When womens liberationists speak about feminism, they mostly see the impedance between the feminine and the masculine- the yin and the yang.We also discussed the binary opposition in class, which heightened my knowledge of how women are reduced to the lower spectrum of the opposition. The binary opposition also exists in differentiating mothers from fathers. Mothers are put in pedestals, while fathers are forgotten and scorned. Laqueur (1990) complained about this binary opposition in The Facts of Fatherhood. This is an interesting article that argued about the repression of the history of fatherhood. Laqueur (1990) posited that while women enjoyed being the natural parent, fathers were regarded as mere providers, or even as a backdrop to the family.He stressed that it is time for fathers to reclaim their expert to be share of the parenting history, wherein their contributions to the formation of society are recognized and respected. This controversial article amuses and interests me significantly. It amuses me because at the back of my mind, I felt gender discrimination in reverse. I consider that mothers have specials bonds with their children, but this belief, however, is marked by sexism. Do not fathers also share special bonds with their children? Laqueur (1990) challenged the notion of motherhood, because it undermined the importance of fatherhood.In my mind, it is better to not differentiate mothers from fathers, which is the same as stopping ourselves from differentiating women and men. Women and men have their own strengths and weaknesses and none is more superior. I n the same line of thought, mothers and fathers are also equal. Let us just call motherhood and fatherhood as parenthood and give fathers their rightful place in the history and the practice of nurturing valet de chambre society. Furthermore, this is also an interesting article, because it challenged me to talk about being a woman in relation to being a man.Being a woman has its multiplicities, and now, being a man has its pluralism too. For me, these multiplicities, acknowledged as part of gender analysis, render two steps forward for true gender equality. Journal entry 4 In Criticizing Feminist Criticism, Gallop, Hirsch, and Miller (1990) debated on the purposes and development of feminine criticism. Their of import point is that feminist criticism writers have gone to the extreme, by pulverizing each others feminist views. They suppose that this process is futile in understanding and improving the development of gender discourse and feminism.They assert that feminism can be cr iticized in a more comprehensive manner, wherein there is no right or wrong feminism. I chose this article because it threads on sensitive issues, wherein the personal versus the collective estimate of feminism clashes. Feminists have different worldviews about gender roles, sexuality, and femininity, and they criticize each other in different ways. I have never thought that feminist criticism has become too unconstructive. This is not my head of criticism at all.I think about my own criticism of feminist criticism and I cannot help but agree that criticism is not about thrashing feminist theories (p. 350). Criticism is also about adding something to existing theories, in ways that can benefit the understanding of what it means to be a woman and how different understandings contribute to a wide range of feminism discourse. I earnestly believe also that feminists cannot define feminism in one way or several ways alone. womens lib should be viewed as a huge mess of ideas and values , different and special to women and groups, who fight for and because of different issues.Yes, it is a mess alright, because being a woman is a dynamic process that is also a part of being an individual and being a member of ones race, class, and so on. Being a woman cannot ever be a tidy place, wherein women think the same and act the same. I would rather have it as a mess- wherein women are free to think and re-think feminism, in relation to their personal experiences and values.ReferencesChilders, M. & Hooks, B. (1990). A conversation about race and class. In M. Hirsch & E. F. Keller (Eds. ), Conflicts in feminism (pp. 60-81). New York, NY Routledge. Gallop, J. , Hirsch, M. , & Miller, N. K. (1990). Criticizing feminist criticism. In M. Hirsch & E. F. Keller (Eds. ), Conflicts in feminism (pp. 349-369). New York, NY Routledge. Laqueur, T. W. (1990). The facts of fatherhood. In M. Hirsch & E. F. Keller (Eds. ), Conflicts in feminism (pp. 205-221). New York, NY Routledge. Robertso n, J. (2003). Artistic behavior in the human female. In B. Stirratt & C. Johnson (Eds. ), Feminine persuasion art and essays on sexuality (pp. 23-38). Bloomington, IN Indiana University Press.