Wednesday, June 5, 2019

Project Plan Of Newhall Place Construction Essay

Project Plan Of Newh altogether Place gimmick EssayA brief carnal description of the expression (including architectural style and the materials utilise), its history and why it has been granted a listed status.Newh whole Place is located at Newhall Hill Birmingham West Midlands B1 3JH. It was built much or less 1860 and designed by H.R. Yeoville Thomason, who was also responsible for many of Birminghams finest buildings. He designed the Council House and much of Col more Row. The building was first occupied by a household of merchants, Shaw Hawkes Co, but by 1871 No. 16 had become the premises of Phipps Pickering and Richard, Brewers. By the 1880s it had become part of the Newhall Wire Works in nearby George thoroughfargon and is now a Gr fruit drink II Listed building.This imaginative courtyard development still retains much of this character from 19th Century with exposed beams, bowing window sash windows and an atrium style courtyard.The durability of an arched window depends on the type of window used and the location, especially how much wear and tear it will receive in that bea of the home. at that place is also the fact that arched windows desire special skill in the installation. The contractor will need to frame-in the opening to accommodate the arched design, being sure to install the proper set up. He/she should also carefully caulk and seal the arch to create a strong moisture and stress barrier. Without a strong seal, your window will require courtly repair down the road. (http//www.calfinder.com/library/window/types/Arches-Bring-Style-to-Your-Windows)Every windows and doors have an arch or round down on top of them, it seems like a gothic style as specially arranged with brick resolve at the outer faade facing the street side. circumstance of the impact of the situated internal layout of the building on a conversion parturiency, in comparison with modern construction techniques.First of all, most of the historical building preserved has its own characteristics in both architectural or structurally design for use of goods and serve and its original use. Although most people may consider to split the full(a) building or alter part of it when come to a project involving change of use or other intend, the quick internal layout commonly not capable to accommodate the new design from the architect in terms of modern construction method or techniques in related to the purpose of use. The fundamental problems encompassing the allocation of twist/partition surround, column, beam, staircase, root cellar, sky light, ceiling/false ceiling, drainage pipe and ducting.In order to retain the front faade which is the major issue to chief(prenominal)tain the outlook and architectural feature of historical building, most of the structural elements are not recommended to alter. It is not only not changing the appearance outside but the internal fixed elements would not be suggested to modify since in structura l aspect the main structure especially when constructed in brickwork most of the wall, column and beam line the main structural framework. It is clear to notice that those elements are machine-accessible to each other in specific joints structure. In most case, it will be more wisely not to touch that part but considering how to reinforce and try adequate lateral and vertical support to the faade and also the internal structure previous to and during the construction stage. Nowadays, most of the AA works would employ a structural engineer to investigate the exist structure and put up adequate checking in order to determine whether the structures serviceability is strong enough to cater the loading during construction or for future use. One of the appoint factors of the modern construction in terms of structural stability is spreading the loads by transferring to reinforced concrete column and beam which the load elbow room is much more simple and consistent. With less r.c. structure wall partitions, the space within the entire layout will be enhanced remarkably as tumesce as the flexibility for architect design. Another modern method is to construct a high grade r.c. core wall in the middle of the building like IFC 2 in Hong Kong, the main structure can provide sufficient strength so allow the structural steel elements to attach to and and then the reduction of r.c. beam and column will release more space and headroom. Such structural design can give more flexibility in internal partitioning, where those partitions wouldnt form part of the structure hence future alternation and change of use can be facilitate. To conclude the above, there are much more limitations for old design building in compare with modern building in terms of fixed internal layout. Many examples in Hongkong such as 181 shopping mall (former police headquarter in TST) and Murray House in Stanley selected not to ruin the fixed layout but renovate in aesthetic without touching the main structure.c) Consideration of underpinning irrigateproofing of basements upgrading and retrofitting of building services remedying dampness repair of masonry treatment of timber defects.UnderpinningFirst of all, it is recommended to employ a structural engineer to have an investigating over the existing foundations including the main structure, soil bearing might, peeing table etc. First of all, a thorough inspection over the existing superstructure and the basement to reveal if there is any major and apparent crack over the main structure where the temporary supporting system can be obstinate and also the subsequent main structure reinforcement scheme can be assessed.Secondly, to check over the buried foundation under the basement, adopt struggle hole archeological site with adequate lateral support at the backyard will be suggested. The fact of the condition of soil and also the existing foundation and the water table could be revea guide. Meanwhile the bearing capac ity would be obtained by checking with the adoption of method of plate-load test or the like. In our experience, raft foundation should be the most possible existing structure constructed in brickwork for such old building over 150 years.To avoid the disturbance of the existing foundation, it is recommended to have a partial excavation with relative small area in alternative pattern so not to re dismiss too much support from the existing foundation subject to further analysis structural calculation after obtaining relevant data from the inspections. Owing the building is only 2 stories high, thus passel concrete fill could be adopted since shadow partial excavation can be achieved without too many lateral support over the moderate space overdue to the allocation of the building with one side facing the street and two sides abutted to adjacent buildings.Waterproofing of BasementA black, liquid employ single-component moisture-cured bitumen modified polyurethane waterproofing s ystem, which provides superior protection against the penetration of water. Bitumen modified polyurethane elastomer a two-component system is available, which does not depend on atmosphere moisture. base uses once cured, the liquid tissue layer allows expansion and contraction over a broad temperature range and maintains flexibility and waterproofing properties under continuous exposure to water above or below grade. It has a thixotorpic consistency and may be used on vertical as wholesome as horizontal surfaces. The broad range of purposes including application over concrete, stone, brick, cement blocks, wood, metal, asbestos and most other surfaces. afterward the preparation of the wall surfaces and application of waterproofing membrane, render the wall and screed the scandalize with one layer of cement sand contraceptive layer. Sump pit system can be adopted in designated location to prevent the failure of the membrane ruin the entire waterproofing system when leakage happen in the future. One layer of extruded polystyrene foam board then be fixed on top of the screed/render to provide a media to reduce the risk of condensation and also enhance the insulation of the entire basement tackle the temperature change. Finally, cover up with a layer of brick (to wall) and the floor with another layer of screed equipped with steel mesh in 2 layers (both top bottom) to form a rigid protective system against external damage to the insulation/waterproofing membrane. Although the space inside will be reduced, still this could be the best waterproofing system to pot withupgrading and retrofitting of building servicesElectricalSince the entire building used brickwork for construction and structure. To avoid damage or further deteriorate the brickwork, electrical conduit shall be fixed on the existing brickwall without forming a trench for conceal. It may be looking shinning of the GMS conduit finishes but paint should be considered to apply to match with the tone of the wall design.MVACIt is recommended to provide correspondable MVAC system to both the upper lower basement due to the confined area below ground take aim. Installation of ducting within the premises would not be a problem by fixing expansion bolt to the soffit of ceiling. On the other hand, the EAD shall be designed to run along the exterior wall at the backyard to higher level. In order to ensure the architect design and the aim of aesthetic, simply install false ceiling system would shamble the national more neat and unify where the exterior pipe/duct can be cladded with aluminum cladding or GRC panel to match with the existing finishes.The variable quantity refrigerant volume (VRV) system will be selected for air conditioning system based on easy to install, small installation space and easy to repair, the installation methods like the Split-Type childs play Conditioning. The Mechanical Ventilation system will install individual the intake and exhaust fan in class roo m and corridorsFig. xxxxFire ServicesTo comply with the latest government ordinance and statutory regulation, it is advised that to appoint several design in terms of the followings in FS aspect.To purify the extinguishment and containment system, the ceiling will require install sprinkler system (Fig. xxxxx).Fire rated doors will install between the escape route and corridor area in each floor for isolate the fire occurred.Portable firefighting equipment, embroild fire extinguishers, fire blankets and sand buckets.Fixed firefighting equipment, included Hose reels, Sprinkler system ,Fig. xxxx, and Firefighting liftFig Sprinkler System bathymetry DrainageThe major problem will be related to the underground drainage system, what can be seen above ground level should be relatively easier either retain or divert subject to the new architect layout. The u/g drainage shall be redesign subject to the availability of existing sub-structure. It may not be difficult to relocate the existi ng manhole but it needs to be using the previous opening inside the u/g structure to avoid disturbance of the stability or otherwise too many alternation will affect the overall rigidity of entire structure, subsequently exist/time implication to the project may be enhanced.Part Two.Q1 Your Client has retained your company as Project Managers (offering a full range of services ranging from Professional Design services together with wellness and preventative).As a Principal Contractor / CDM Coordinator prepare a detailed Health and Safety find Assessment to accompany the tender documentation for the death and / or refurbishment of the existing buildingsNoiseNoise may be defined as threatening undesired by the recipient. Besides being a nuisance, sound may interfere with working efficiency, cause accident and most important for resulting in tryout loss to employee.In deciding what the noise take care measures to provide, the essential thing is to make a noise assessment to d etermine what exactly the i raft prototype of sound reduction. The sequence will be as below-Assessing neighborhood noise.Assessing noise (Including noisy plants equipment) generated on lay.Deciding the most affected noise sensible receiver.Comparing the quantitative data calculated from 3 steps before.Making reference to the accredited statutory regulations. desktop the specific limit.Deciding the noise source.Setting the individual control measure by the means of the followingSubstitution (replace equipment with silenced type).Enclosure (enclose equipment by outer wall with inner lining of an acoustically absorbent).Silencers (add).Screens (provide with acoustic screens).Assessing noise level generated on site.Reviewing monitoring the status.Action level can be determined for actions. A report in the prescribed form shall be submitted to the relevant department as soon as possible.For exceeding First Action Level, a warning notice shall be displayed for specification of bla nk space for noisy machines or tools.Between First and Second Action Levels a daily personal noise exposure between 85 and 89.9 dB(A), when employees are exposed, the site are required to provide suitable approved ear protectors to employees who request for them.Between Second and Peak Action Levels a daily personal noise exposure of 90 dB(A) a peak sound pressure level of 140 dB or 200 Pa, the site are required to provide suitable approved ear protectors to employees and enforce them to use properly.Having finished each assessment, a list will be generated to inform all subcontractors how far are the hearing protection zone are. The General Foreman / Foreman should post noise labels and follow the rules in the different action levels.DustDusts usually hand into three groups when considered as hazards. They are toxic, nuisance and fibrosis producing. Adequate ventilation, efficient dust suppression, good housekeeping and proper personal protection are required to control dust exp losions.Basically, substituting a less dangerous material for those from which dust arises is a method to control.To arrest the dust and collect it as near as possible to the point of origin, local exhaust ventilation is involve to install.To be effective, a mask must be fitted carefully and must be unploughed clean and the filter must be replaced when necessary.To enclose a work process that produces dust is also a method we can take.In arouse of all precautions, some dust will always escape from the plant. It must be prevented from accumulating in workrooms by the regular and frequent cleaning of all move of rooms and plant.First-aid FacilitiesAdequate number of first-aider and facilities in accordance with the law should be provided on site. It may have economised the casualtys life through the application of admit first aid measures. However, his life can be lost through rough handling or careless transportation procedures. Before you attempt to move the casualty.Housekeepi ngThe laws including F IU Ordinance Regulations, Air Pollution Control Ordinance (Cap. 311), Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance, Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations, Air Pollution Control (Open Burning) Regulations and Air Pollution (Construction Dust) Regulations demand us to have a good housekeeping.The common hazards on site are openings, projecting nails or metal fragments at toss away area etc. Removing junk frequently is better than dealing with them after being stacked to a large amount and has advantages both in save time and money.Rag, oil, grease should be regarded as chemical waste. profligacy paper or cans should be unplowed in rubbish bin, which is removed immediately if full. Waste reinforcement or other valuable materials should be saved in a particular place.All tools or equipment should be kept in stowing after used. A safe means of access shall be maintained up to the required standards.Removing projecting nails as quickly as possible.Demolition stro ng planning and monitoring are required to ensure that the demolition process or the partially demolished elements left at the end of each day of work does not pose any danger to the works, the ecumenic public and the adjacent properties.The General Foreman / Foreman shall provide all necessary preventive measures to protect the works, the building, the occupants, the public and other prior to commencement of the demolition works.The General Foreman / Foreman shall ensure the means of escape provisions as well as fire compartment of the premises are maintained throughout the Contract period both for the renovation area and the adjacent tenancies..Stability Report Including CalculationsA report on the stability of the building to be demolished is required during all stages of demolition if necessary.Temporary SupportsWhen temporary supports to structure is required, check the entire hold assembly and utilities before demolition.HousekeepingMaterial shall be properly stored.Access ways and work areas shall be free of obstructions.Waste shall be properly habituated of at least daily.Do not overload any members.Dangerous ZoneCordon off any identified dangerous zones.The site shall be locked up all the time. In order to avoid trespasser, the General Foreman / Foreman shall inspect the premise each shift prior to work.UtilitiesPermit-to-work system is activating.Electrical SafetyAll electrically powered equipment or hand tools, except double insulated hand tools, shall be grounded.Portable hand tools and electrically powered equipment shall be used with a circuit breaker.Electrical equipment shall be disconnected or the current otherwise interrupted while it is being adjusted or repaired.Outlets, switching, junction boxes, etc. shall be covered.Exposed noncurrent-carry metal parts of fixed equipment that may become energized under abnormal conditions shall be grounded when in wet or damp locations.After demolitionClear away all debris.Secure boundary unless rein statement has been made.Provide a Method Statement for the key stages of the entire project and a Construction Program identifying the key stages (i.e. this is not a definitive list) demolition, faade retention, temporary works, high water table etc.Foundation Underpinning1) Excavation shall be proceeded with value to the structural engineer for adequate judgment and the sequence prescribed.2) Lateral support shall be followed tally the same manner to the desire depth.3) Concreting to the module of foundation as designed in alternative.4) Backfilling at not more than the specified depth of each layer, shoring shall be dismantled successively.Ground water controlIn some cases, the ground water conditions found during site investigation may change before or during site investigation. Such changes may be due to the construction of basements nearby, natural flooding or artificial causes, such as a burst water main.The methods of ground water control may be divided into three broad g roupspumping,cut-off walling, andspecial methods.The choice of method depends mainly on site conditions and on the soil characteristics. These include-size and location thickness and type of soil stratamagnitude of water pressures in various strataproposed permanent structure relative to soil stratalength of time for which the excavation must be openprevention of damage to adjacent structuresrelationship between the proposed dewatering method and the construction sequence.DewateringPumping from sumpsWidely used in deep excavations for trench or basement. at that place are several major problems-Soil movement due to settlementGround affected by water flow towards sumpInstability at formation level in timbered excavations owing to upward movement of waterThe general solution is to dig sump at corner of excavation below formation level.Open SumpThe sump is usually formed away from the construction area in a corner of the excavation. The water is led into the sump, either by sloping th e ground towards it or by using shallow garland drains which feed into the sump. Pumping from open sumps is limited to a maximum depth of about 8m.Jetted SumpIn this method, a hole is formed in the ground by jetting metal tube. A disposable intake strainer connected to a disposable flexible suction pipe is then lowered into the hole, and the void filled with sand filter media. This suction pipe is connected to a pump which pumps out the ground water.Demolition1) Temporary support such as racking shore shall be installed at each floor prior to any demolition work commence.Demolition Work1) Statutory and contr actual Requirements shall be followed and implement on site at all time.2) All demolition works shall be carried out in accordance with the Building (Demolition Works) Regulations, the Draft Code of Practice for Demolition of Buildings as well as Building incision Practice Notes.3) Before any demolition work is commenced, a sufficient survey for proper identified of any structu ral problems and risk associated with flammable and fantastic substance, utilities etc.4) Location of Utilities4.1) The whole area, which is affected by any possible demolition works, shall be identified.4. 2) Plans or other suitable culture about all utilities especially concealed pipes in the vicinity of the proposed works before any demolition work starts shall be obtained.4.3 ) Shut off, cap, or otherwise control all electric, gas, water, sewer and other service lines before demolition work is started. Permit-to-work system shall be activated.4.4) If it is necessary to maintain any power, water, or other utilities during demolition, such lines should be temporarily relocated as necessary and/ or protected.4.5) plan on the proposed methods for handling and disposal of debris including the permissible temporary accumulation of building debris and the transportation route shall then be evolved.4.6) Stability Report with supporting calculations shall be generated.Faade Retention1) To design by the structural engineer with the project manager to investigate the most economical and efficient method prior to determine the sequence of work.2) Provide suitable foundation at ground level and erect the steel prop above the temporary footing.3) Continued with the diagonal bracing and transom to form a stable framework floor by floor from bottom and up sequence, make sure the bolting is securely fixed.4) Floor slab shall be hacked off to let the framework going up and through the slab.5) The abidance of framework will be similar to fly racking shore.Your Client is also concerned that they discharge their statutory obligations under the CDM Regulations, in addition to the Health and Safety Risk Assessment. Explain the workings of the CDM regulations and how these affect them as developers throughout the entire contract (i.e. demolition, new build and refurbishment).The clients duty in relation to the health and safety file(1) The client shall ensure that the CDM co-o rdinator is provided with all the health and safety data in the clients possession (or which is reasonably obtainable) relating to the project which is likely to be needed for inclusion in the health and safety file, including information specified in regulation 4(9)(c) of the Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006(a).(2) Where a single health and safety file relates to more than one project, site or structure, or where it includes other related information, the client shall ensure that the information relating to each site or structure can be easily identified.(3) The client shall take reasonable steps to ensure that after the construction phase the information in the health and safety file(a) is kept available for inspection by any person who may need it to comply with therelevant statutory provisions and(b) is revised as often as may be appropriate to incorporate any relevant new information.(4) It shall be sufficient compliance with paragraph (3)(a) by a client who disposes of hi s entire interest in the structure if he delivers the health and safety file to the person who acquires his interest in it and ensures that he is aware of the nature and purpose of the file.In anticipation that a project comprising of demolition, alteration and refurbishment, will proceed based on your recommendation, advise on the scope and nature of the project team. This should include the time and sequence of appointments.Designer/Architect ConsultantsTo provide design of the architectural layout, featuring, what to be retained or demolishedTo provide detail information about the artistic features, design of lighting, furring and finishing to internal/external area.Professional Structural EngineerTo provide structural calculation and analysis for the followingsSoil bearing capacity and foundation upgrading designInspection to the substructure elements with remedial proposalInspection to the superstructure elements with remedial proposalTemporary lateral support for foundation work unsloped/lateral support for the retention of faade unit and/or structural elements4. The Building TeamBuilding is a group activity and its success depends on a good understanding and operation between a large number of people.The participants involved can be conveniently arranged into groups or teams according to their particular interest and /or involvement as follows-4.1 Client TeamThe client or the building owner has the responsibility for defining the building to suit needs, establishing and providing the necessary finances, agreeing design and construction phases, timetabling, and, of course, fulfilling the management and running of the completed project.A potential client must establish whether to build or not to build. Having immovable that a new building is necessary to provide additional or alternative space, it is important that consideration is then given to when the space will be needed. Various problems are needed to be solved, such as land acquisition, establish ment of rights, development permits, planning permission, building approval, contractor selection and subsequent erection. most(prenominal) building is undertaken from money made available in the form of a loan therefore, interest rates are important. In this respect, the government has direct diverge and can use the building industry as a regulator for the economy of the country.Once the money becomes available for a building, the client will require speedy action for its design, construction and subsequent use so that the lost interest, which would have been gained through alternative financial investments, may be speedily recouped. The tally cost of a building must include the professional fees of the Design Team which the client appoints.4.2 User TeamUser Team forms a racy link between design concepts and built reality. An example of User Team is the advisory organization formed by the tenants of public housing.4.3 Design TeamThere are a great many people in a Design Team w ho concerned with supplying the design expertise which will make a building possible.Principal Designers generally include architects, interior designers, and building surveyors. They are responsible for the overall design of the project.Architects design and prepare the production information for most building projects. They will also inspect the construction work on site.Interior Designers can also prepare design and production information for a building, and provide supervision of work, but, they may be specifically concerned with the interior of a building and need additional advisers in order to deal with all the design and construction processes involved in total building.Building Surveyors are sometimes responsible for the design and supervision of certain building work although they are more usually carry out surveys of structural soundness, condition of dilapidation or repair, alterations/extensions to existing buildings and market value of existing buildings.Specialist Des igners include civil and structural engineers, services engineers, and those concerned with specific aspects of architecture, including landscape, interiors, office planning, etc. They provide expertise concerning certain aspects of a building and whose requirements are often incorporate by the Principal Designer. For exampleHVACCommunicationsDrainage and measureElectricalFire servicesSecurity systemsCivil and Structural Engineers are employed to countenance Principal Designers on building projects which contain appreciable quantities of structural work, such as reinforced concrete, complex steel or timber work, or foundations which are either complex or abnormal.Services Engineers work with other designers and are concerned with environmental control lighting, heating, air conditioning, and sound modulation electrical installations, plumbing and waste-disposal systems and mechanical services, such as lift installations and electrical conductors.Quantity Surveyors provide the co st control and financial advice to client, principal designers and specialist designers. They are responsible for preparing Bills of Quantities. Also, during the actual construction period for a project, he must measure and value the work carried out at regular (monthly) intervals and submit details to the overall financial administrator (usually the principal designer) for payments from client to contractor. They also advises on the use of sums of money listed in the Bill of Quantities for contingency or provisional items, the cost of making variations in areas originally described in the Bills or indicated on the drawings, and settlement of the final account for the finished project.Depending on the precise nature of a project, the combined cost of these professional fees will vary from between 12% and 20% of the final construction costs.4.3 Research TeamResearchers are those making understanding and development of current construction methods (materials and technical ability). Th e aim of the research is to discover facts by means of scientific study and, in matters concerning building, covers a very wide area of experience requiring controlled programming of critical investigation of chosen subjects.4.4 Legislative TeamThey negotiate with the relevant authorities to clarify certain legal requirements. Building Ordinance Office, prep Department, Fire Services Department, Highways Department, Urban Council, etc.On site management level, a builder has to ensure that the building site maintains safe and healthy conditions for employees, and that the general public should be adequately pro

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