Thursday, November 28, 2019
Why did Haiti suffer more than Kobe as a result of an earthquake Essay Both the Kobe earthquake (1995, in Japan) and Haiti earthquake (2010) measured about 7.0 on the Richter scale, but the casualty rate of Haiti earthquake was at least five times more deadly than the Kobe earthquake that killed 6,434 people. The main reason that Kobe didnÃ¢â¬â¢t suffer as much as Haiti is because Kobe is in Japan, which is an MEDC, Japan can afford many expensive resources, which Haiti cannot afford because it is a Less Economically Developed Country (LEDC).HaitiÃ¢â¬â¢s strength is in its culture. In Haiti, the banks have proven to be the fasted growing industry. It has many weaknesses including its government, economical situation and infrastructure. The Haitian government is one of the biggest obstacles for economic growth. Over the past ten years, Haiti has experienced a decrease of success in its public office. After years of dictatorship and military rule, the Haitian people were relieved when Aristides party won Haitis first free elections.The relief turned i nto distress when the government proved to be more like a dictatorship. HaitiÃ¢â¬â¢s economy has been slowly dropping since the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s, with Gross Domestic Product (GDP) falling two percent a year from 1980-1991. Haitis physical infrastructure is poor roads are insufficient, and basic services such as power and telephones are frequently unavailable. The country also lacks a railroad system, making the shipping of goods around the land a tedious and dangerous job.Japan is a country that conquered the world market together with China and the U.S. Many huge businesses such as Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Toshiba and NEC are based in Japan and they provide many jobs and a lot of profit. It has many strengths but also a few weaknesses. Some of Japans strengths are its automobile industry, computer firms, exporting companies, digital gaming industry and its technological advancements research. One weakness of Japan is its geography. It is right on top of two tectonic plates so it suff ers many earthquakes.Kobe has many well-developed warning systems, which give out a signal that tells people to stay inside their Earthquake proof buildings until the earthquake is over. This equipment saved many lives, lots of money and helped keep the rate of destruction as low as possible. If Haiti had the same infrastructure and technology that Kobe has, then Haiti would have most likely had a much lesser death toll.The death toll of the Haiti earthquake reached around 250,000 which is large compared to the size of their population, around 7 million; where as the death toll of the Kobe earthquake, 6,425, wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t as big in proportion to the size of Japans population. Haiti hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t had an earthquake as big in 1995 since 1770, where as Japan has regular small earthquakes and it is part of daily life so they were more prepared. In Haiti, 2 million people were left homeless; 3 million were in need of emergency aid.In conclusion I think that if Haiti had the same high leve l of government, economy and infrastructure as Kobe, than not as many people would have died or suffered from injuries, been left homeless and Haiti would have recovered from the disaster as quick as Kobe did.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
250 Topics for Familiar Essays (Writing Suggestions) This list of 250 subjects for familiar essays originally appeared as an appendix to Essays and Essay-Writing, an anthology edited by William M. Tanner and published by the Atlantic Monthly Press in 1917. But dont let the date scare you away. While a few of the topics are musty (Our Ragtime Age) and some are a bit perplexing (Grooves and Graves), the majority of these topics are as timely (or perhaps timeless) as ever (The Shrinking Earth, Illusions We Live By, Our Nervous Age). Tanners brief introduction strikes an encouraging note: In no other form of prose composition is the selection of a subject so much a matter of the writers own choosing as in the familiar essay. Though adequate subjects can rarely be assigned by another person, it is possible that the student may find in the following list a few titles that suggest subjects of interest to him and within the range of his observation and experience. So remain open to these suggestions. Feel free to update a topicfor example, by turning telephone etiquette into email or texting behaviors. If youre puzzled by a subject, dont try to decipher what the author intended a century ago. Instead, take a few minutes to explore its possible meanings for you today. 250 Topics for Familiar Essays 1. On Discovering Oneself2. On Deceiving Oneself3. Epidemic Education4. The Pleasures of Loafing5. Favorite Antipathies6. On Wearing New Shoes7. The Penalty of Violating Convention8. First Impressions9. On Acquiring an Artistic Temperament10. A Model Obituary 11. Uses of Disagreeable People12. Keeping up Appearances13. The Psychology of Bargains14. People Who Make-Believe15. Conceited People16. Our Nervous Age17. Sophomore Apathy18. The Enchantment of Distance19. On Being Worth Knowing20. The Glory of the Commonplace 21. Mental Laziness22. On Thinking for Oneself23. The Necessity of Being Amused24. Mans Opinion of Himself25. On Giving Advice26. Silent Talkers27. My Ailments28. The Valor of Ignorance29. An Apology for Bores30. College Libraries as Social Centers 31. Judging by Appearances32. On Making Excuses33. The Pleasure of Escape34. A Word for Mediocrity35. On Attending to Other Peoples Business36. The Heritage of the Youngest Child37. Academic Snobbishness38. On Being Small89. A Defense of Day-Dreaming40. Leaders and Led 41. The Excitement of Having a Bank Account42. By-Products of Church Attendance43. Fashionable Tardiness44. The Penalties of Success45. On Looking Ones Best46. Cultural Immunity47. Personality in Apparel48. The Responsibility of Greatness49. On Recovering from Love Affairs50. The Passing of the Country Road 51. Mute Eloquence52. On Choosing Ones Ancestors53. The Psychology of Patent Medicines54. Helpful Enemies55. The Tyranny of Trifles56. Intellectual Alarm Clocks57. The Monotony of Student Life58. Table Manners59. On Holding Ones Tongue60. Dangers of Narrowmindedness 61. The Tendency to Exaggerate Misfortune62. Outgrown Opinions63. On Making Apologies for Oneself64. My TaskmasterDuty65. Talkers66. The Character of Horses67. Why the Dessert Course Last?68. On Being Introduced69. Running on Low Gear70. Etiquette for Ancestors 71. On Going Barefooted72. Cast-off Enthusiasms73. The Joys of the Country Cottager74. On Answering Advertisements75. Reflections While Shaving76. Shams77. Intellectual Inheritances78. The Imperious They79. On Knowing When to Stop80. Personality in the Handshake 81. Hairpins82. On Taking Oneself Too Seriously83. A Curse of Cleverness84. Living Caricatures85. On Repenting at Leisure86. Imitations87. The Joys of Procrastination88. Popular Fallacies89. Men Say90. Human Parasites 91. On Looking Wise92. Mechanical Pleasures93. Sponges94. On Waiting for the Postman95. Intellectual Pioneers96. Animal Resemblances in People97. The Pleasures of Quarreling98. Bird Music99. Victims of Charity100. On Being Misunderstood 101. Some False Impressions of Childhood102. Rivalry in Gift-Giving103. Faces and Masks104. On Posing for My Friends105. Seasonal Joys106. The Value of Disagreement107. The Pleasures of Living108. Garden Friends109. Animal Facial Expressions110. Automobile Society 111. On Outgrowing Ones Family112. The Abuse of the Imagination113. Humorous Blunders114. Getters and Receivers115. On Praying in Public116. Pleasures of Memory117. My Selves118. A Plea for Ghosts119. On Keeping a Secret120. Color Antipathies 121. The Art of Eating Spaghetti122. Pins or Angels?123. On Going to Sleep124. Human Blindness125. Dream Adventures126. Behind the Teeth127. On Riding Pegasus with Spurs128. Butterfly Fancies129. Present130. The Glamour of the Past 131. Chameleons132. On Being Good Company for Oneself133. Face Value134. The Monotony of Being Good135. Safety Valves in Student Life136. On Being Mentally Alert137. Company Manners138. Natures Spring Song139. Mountains and Molehills140. Old-fashioned Remedies 141. On Wearing Overshoes142. The Influence of Proximity143. Bristles144. Working Over-Time145. On Nursing a Grievance146. Family Expectations147. Mental Perspective148. Subway Scenery149. The Futility of the Practical150. On Making Up Ones Mind 151. The Responsibility of a Perfect Baby152. Domineering Ideals153. On Living in the Present (Future)154. Social Misfits155. Interesting By-Paths156. Temporal Halos157. Face Forward!158. Mental Vagrancy159. On Hugging a Conclusion160. An Apology for Polite Lying 161. Preparedness162. Gasoline and Onions163. On Stepping Aside164. Voices165. Late Arrivals166. Next!167. Mental Detours168. Watch Your Step!169. On Telling Jokes170. Epitaph Humor 171. The Winged Circle172. Spring Styles in Freshmen173. American Aggressiveness174. Natures Languages175. Earthbound176. On Advising the Almighty177. Mental Lapses178. Fashion Bondage179. Haunted Libraries180. The Humor of Cartoons 181. Wasting Time182. On Growing Up183. Beyond My Horizon184. Mental Shock-Absorbers185. After He Was Dead186. Successful Failures187. The Dilettante188. Humorous Dyspepsia189. On Becoming Ones Own Financier190. Conservation of Social Resources 191. Perfume and the Lady192. On Being Eye-Minded193. The Satisfaction of Being Well-Dressed194. Earth Odors195. The Life Urge in Nature196. The Shrinking Earth197. College Ethics198. The Triumph of the Machine199. Human Gadflies200. The Failure of Success 201. Social Eclipses202. Adventures While Pursuing an Idea203. Our Ragtime Age204. On Boasting of Weakness205. Discords206. Suspended Judgments207. Second Thoughts208. On Keeping Step209. Understudies210. The Vogue of Boredom 211. Smoke Wreaths212. Traveling and Arriving213. Echoes214. Screens, Past and Present215. Illusions We Live By216. On Losing Ones Grip217. Poppies218. Anvil Choruses219. Interesting Pathetic Fallacies220. Evidences of Humor and Joy in Animals 221. On Card-Indexing Ones Friends222. Gigglers and Growlers223. Too Much Momentum224. Mental Indigestion225. Diddling226. Female Orators227. Laughter as a Social Asset228. Personal Reactions229. Grooves and Graves230. On Taking Thought for the World 231. Blind Optimism232. Church Theatricals233. The Skimmed Milk of Human Kindness234. On Asking Why235. Canine Expressions236. On Seeing Ones Name in Print237. Backyard Gardens238. Curiosity in Chickens239. The Passing of Modesty240. On Going to War 241. Telephone Manners242. Nodding243. Social Protective Coloring244. On Arising to the Occasion245. Human Registers246. The Responsibility of Being Sane247. Acid Tests248. The Pleasures of Eating249. On Losing Ones Freckles250. Mental Precipitates
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Composite Cycle Frame Manufacturing Methods Project - Assignment Example The second method is the closed mould which uses a bag and foam core. This method is commonly used to manufacture frames and monocoque frames. This paper analyses the process of manufacturing bicycles using the carbon fibre in two parts. This includes the time that carbon fibre takes to corrode during the process. This part looks at the process of manufacturing a bicycle using the methods available under the use of composite. The second part is the options available for corrosion resistance for the components used in the method. It is important to protect frames of these bicycles against corrosion which constitutes much of damages caused con them. Carbon fiber, which is also known as graphite fiber or even carbon graphite, is a material that is composed of fibers nearly a diameter of 5Ã¢â¬â10Ã Ã ¼m and mainly consists of carbon atoms. They are joined in crystals that align themselves parallel to the fiberÃ¢â¬â¢s long axis. The alignment of the crystals provides the fiber with high strength to volume ratio, this renders it strong for its size. Many carbon fibers are brought together or joined to make a tow; this can be used by itself or even make a fabric (Campbell, 2003, p.36). The carbon fibersÃ¢â¬â¢ characteristics, like high solidity, low density, high tensile strength, high tolerance to temperature, high chemical opposition, and low thermal expansion greatly makes them to be largely used in military, aerospace, motorsports as well as civil engineering, also in some other competition sports. The carbon fibers are slightly expensive in comparison with some other fibers like plastic fibers and glass fibers. They are normally mixed with some other materials to come up with a composite. When they are mixed with a plastic resin and then molded, we find that the result is carbon fiber reinforced plastic; this is commonly known as carbon fiber and has a strength-to-weight ratio that is very high, which is very rigid even though
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Critically analyse fair and equitable treatment standard in international investment treaties, taking into account recent treaty - Essay Example The specification of the standard, however, has been subject to various interpretations through the years because of its reliance on principles of equity. Debates over the FET revolve around whether this standard should be based on other standards of law or whether it is an autonomous and self-contained standard in itself. The standard it is most commonly related to is the customary international law minimum standard, and sometimes it is measured against more general principles of international law. In this paper, the evolving meaning of what constitutes fair and equitable practice as contained in BITs and as interpreted by arbitral tribunals shall be discussed and critiqued. The bases and rationale for the continued development of the FET will provide implications into the continued growth of foreign direct investments in this increasingly globalized economy. ... The most important principles that attach to FET are transparency, stability, and the investorÃ¢â¬â¢s legitimate expectations, compliance with contractual obligations, procedural propriety and due process, action in good faith, and freedom from coercion and harassment.3 The FET appears consistently in investment treaty practice since it was first articulated in the Havana Charter of 19484 where it is stated in Article 11(2) (a) (i) thereof: Ã¢â¬Ëto assure just and equitable treatment for the enterprise, skills, capital, arts and technology brought from one Member country to another.Ã¢â¬â¢ While the Charter was never enforced, U.S. treaty practice was influenced by its reference to FET.5 It was thereafter included in codifications of investor rights, beginning with the 1959 Draft Convention on Investments Abroad,6 Article 1 of which states that Ã¢â¬ËEach party shall at all times ensure fair and equitable treatment to the property of the nationals of other parties.Ã¢â¬â¢ The identical wording was adopted in the 1967 OECD Draft Convention on the Protection of Foreign Property.7 As a result of the lack of precision in its definition, various treaties accord different contexts to the application of FET. Some BITs link FET with a substantive norm such as nondiscrimination, such as the treaty between Bangladesh and Iran which provides that each party extend to covered investment Ã¢â¬Ëfair treatment not less favourable than that accorded to its own investors or investors of any third state, whichever is more favourable.Ã¢â¬â¢8 There are a host of cases that link FET with customary international law in a variety of ways, as shall be seen in the discussion of the use of FET in BITs in the
Monday, November 18, 2019
Tipaimukh Hydro-Electric Project - Assignment Example Also the submergence may lead to loss of homes, means of subsistence like agricultural, horticultural and even forest lands, where tribal have access to minor produces as well as for jhumming, and naturally will have traumatic effect on the affected population. Under such circumstances, it will be proper to take timely steps for planning rehabilitation and resettlement of Project Affected Persons (PAPs) to avoid any further disastrous incidents. Due to varied geomorphic character, complex tectonics, structure and soft sediment lithostratigraphy, and change in draw down, the impounded water is bound to cause unstable slope condition, especially in reservoir rim, particularly those in the limit of draw down. Thus, in the event of sudden draw down, major slide could develop. Simultaneously, reservoir water would act as the load drive, as is commonly found in the Himalayan Region, which may have a positive stabilizing influence too. It is therefore recommended that about 100 m above the reservoir rim is thoroughly investigated for site specific knowledge on failure mechanism and adequate protection measures, as explained, be planned at the pre-construction stage with tentative provision of shot crating, rock anchoring, carving out of slopes etc. Landslide activity would generat... eously, reservoir water would act as the load drive, as is commonly found in the Himalayan Region, which may have a positive stabilizing influence too. It is therefore recommended that about 100 m above the reservoir rim is thoroughly investigated for site specific knowledge on failure mechanism and adequate protection measures, as explained, be planned at the pre-construction stage with tentative provision of shot crating, rock anchoring, carving out of slopes etc. Landslide activity would generate rock boulders, silts and mud, but its effect is again dependent on the distance of occurrence from the project components. If the slide occurs much above the FRL direct impact would be less. However, some slides just at the periphery of the rim would add to the silt load / bed load. This impact on the project could be managed by arresting the potential slide zones through suitable engineering treatment measures, afforestation etc. However, the project shall have a separate provision for engineering geological studies to provide necessary treatment measures. Monitoring Gas Emission During construction / excavation of underground openings in the project site, emission of explosive gas may be encountered as the lithological sequence to be encountered is of tertiary age. Therefore, its adverse effect of damaging environment during construction period could be mitigated through early monitoring of the quantity and quality & concentration of the gas. For this gas detector and protective measures, as per underground construction / mining rule is to be kept and executed strictly. Monitoring of Change in Water Quality Provision for monitoring of change in water quality, both upstream and down stream, should be made. Seismic Risk, Hazard Monitoring and Mitigation
Friday, November 15, 2019
Isolationism in Metamorphosis Isolationism in Metamorphosis and Notes from Underground World Literature: Paper 2 The common theme in both Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and Notes from Underground by Fyodor Dostoyevsky is isolationism. Both of these literary works contain different examples of isolationism in order to convey the same concept. Seclusion exists in both novels, resulting in the direct flaw of each of the main characters. The difference that Kafka and Dostoyevsky present in their use of isolationism in Metamorphosis and Notes from Underground is how each character is secluded. Kafka writes about the progressive solitude of one character being forced into isolation by others. On the other hand, Dostoyevskys entire novel is about the Underground Man, who lives all by his lonesome and is forced to look back on his youthful experiences. These frequent occurrences have lead to the Underground Mans solitude. However, in both novels, the end results of the main characters in Metamorphosis and Notes from Underground are similar because both individuals actions lead to their own demise. At the beginning of novel, Metamorphosis, Kafka introduces the main character, Gregor Samsa. After waking up to find himself transformed in his bed into a gigantic insect, Gregor can only think of the repercussions he will suffer for being late to his job. Gregor works as a traveling sales clerk (Kafka 1). He would have quit a long time ago, but Gregor knows that his family depends on him for the money he makes and, ultimately, their own existence. Without his salary, the Samsa family will not survive. After making futile attempts to put on his clothes and above all eat breakfast (Kafka 7), Gregors boss comes to check on his employee. Reluctantly, Gregor reveals his true identity as an insect. Gregors father forces him to go to his room, more specifically, isolationism, which had merely the fixed idea of driving Gregor back into his room as quickly as possible (Kafka 31). Due to the size and proportion of Gregors new physical appearance, the progression into solitude inflicted a mass ive amount of pain on Gregor. On the other hand, the first part of Notes from Underground, the Underground Man, also the narrator, describes the setting of the novel and defines his own existence. The Underground, the first words the Underground Man describes about himself are, I am a sick man . . . I am an angry man. I am an unattractive man (Dostoyevsky 15). These words tell the reader the ways in which society, from the Underground Mans youth, has destroyed him as an individual. Also, it makes the reader aware of his low self-esteem. The Underground Man, somehow, utilizes his own sorrow to make himself feel better. He believes that his own self-loathing and unkindness have crippled and corrupted his attitude as well as the people around him. Yet, it is apparent that the Underground Man takes will not take the initiative to change. Due to the impact of societal woes, the Underground Man takes comfort in his own pains, like toothaches or liver ailments. The ability for him to control the aching from his illness is a way for the Underground Man to hide from the actual pain from society. He is not proud of the man he has become over the years and scorns himself for his many wrong doings. One thing that is important for the Underground Man to obliterate is his negative approach to life, in order to thrive. However, the journey that he takes to seek optimism disappears because the Underground Man becomes too lethargic and lazy. As isolation approaches in Metamorphosis, Gregor becomes more and more like an insect. His change from human to bug also becomes evident in his choice of food. The meals he once liked are now distasteful and unappealing to him, although milk had been his favorite drink and that was certainly why his sister had set it there for him, indeed it was almost with repulsion that he turned away from the basin and crawled back to the middle of the room (Kafka 32). Because Gregor knows he will no longer be accepted by his family as an insect, he gives up and secludes himself in his room. Throughout the book, there is a part of Gregor that continues to fight for his own freedom because he still wants to seek equality. He has the desire to break away from his solitary state, but no way of caring out his escape. The one thing that continues to fuel Gregor is the music from Gretes, his sisters, violin. Grete does not want her family to neglect Gregor because he has turned into an insect. She belie ves that no matter the shape of his physical features, Gregor will always be her brother. It seems as though Grete does not want to acknowledge or be convinced that her brother is a bug and will never be the same person. However, it is inevitable that Grete will soon abandon her brother. Their separation continues to become progressively more apparent. Gregor continuously is left alone in his room, all by his lonesome. By the end of the novel, Gregor becomes invisible to his own family. One reason Gregor dies is because of the realization that he is nothing more than an insect without a family or a purpose. Once again, he is left in his isolated room to die, alone. In the second part of Notes from Underground, Apropos of the Wet Snow, the Underground Man comes across numerous prostitutes, many soldiers, and a few past schoolmates. However, the Underground Man intentionally alienates himself from these people by not acknowledging their existence. He makes himself appear to be incapable of interacting with these uneducated low lives. It is as if he does not want to make an effort to communicate because he fears his own humiliation. So, instead, he treats them with disgust and fear for his own life. Liza is the whore and the vehicle for Dostoyevskys message of the power of selfless love. She comes to the Underground Mans apartment one night to speak to the Underground Man. Instead of treating Liza with the love she deserves, he continues to insult her, repeatedly. These social acquaintances cause the Underground Man much remorse and regret. And, once Liza leaves his apartment, the Underground Man is left, again, in solitude. Examples of seclusion are used constantly by both Franz Kafka and Fyodor Dostoyevsky to convey the idea of isolationism. In these two novels, the solitary state of both characters leads to their downfall. In both of these examples, isolation leads to the demise of the main characters, Gregor Samsa and the Underground Man, even though the motives and basiss were different. Gregor crawls his own life away because of the pain of being secluded by his own family members. On the contrary, the Underground Man never truly lives his life because of the distain he has for himself and society. The Underground Man hides his personality and beliefs because he fears societys judgment and ridicule. The isolation that both characters endure leads to their own destruction. Works Cited Dostoyevsky, Fyodor. Notes from Underground and The Double. New York: Penguin Books, 1972. Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis and Other Stories. New York: Barnes and Noble Classics, 2003.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Capital punishment is an act of executing, killing, or putting one to death for committing hideous crimes. In the state of Georgia, crimes such as treason, murder, and aircraft high jacking, can cause conviction of the death penalty. Race, wrongful convictions, and the costs of executions are some of the controversial issues surrounding capital punishment. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Race plays an important role when determining the death penalty. In a study conducted by the General Accounting Office found that 82% of the population who murdered Caucasians is more likely to be convicted than those who murdered African Americans. Since 1976 there have been several interracial murders in the United States. The number of white defendants vs. black victims has represented 12 executions in the U.S. since 1976. However, there have been 192 executions of black defendants vs. white victims in the United States, which is more than quadrupled in number. The current U.S. death row population by race includes 1,457 (42%) African Americans, 353 (10%) Hispanics, 1, 580 (45.5%) Caucasians and 81 (2.3%) accounts for other races. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã According to the General Accounting office, the United States can not prevent accidental executions of innocent people. This is primarily due to wrongful identification of defendants in many cases. Crimes are often solved with the most convenient suspect rather right or wrong, which also leads to wrongful death of innocent people. Additionally, many convicts are blamed merely because they Ã¢â¬Å"fitÃ¢â¬ the description of the intended suspect, which leads to erroneous convictions. Within the last century, recent studies show that more than four-hundred innocent people have been convicted of crimes caused by others. Twenty-three of the four-hundred blameless people were put to death. The death penalty has been reinstated and there have been 96 men and women found innocent minutes before their execution. This is an unjustifiable mistake that can not be corrected due to irreplaceable circumstances with life. Once life has ended, it will never be replaced. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã It costs taxpayers twice as much to execute an inmate than to incarcerate him/her for life. The study mentioned above states the death penalty costs 48% more than the costs of a court trial in which the prosecutors seek life imprisonment for the defendant.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã These are outrageous figures that utilize taxpayerÃ¢â¬â¢s dollars uselessly. The same study shows that each case ranges from 1-1.25 million dollars than the average murder case without parole. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Some people insist that the death penalty be utilized as a preventive measure against crime.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
The Power of Words September 15th, 2001. Ã¢â¬Å"That moment was when I learned the importance of words. Whether you may be angry, sad, or happy, you must use your words wisely. Love everyone, and tell them so every dayÃ¢â¬ (George Phoenix. ) ______________________________________________________________________________ Morning of September 11th, 2001. Phoenix went to the cafeteria to get his usual coffee, milk and Danish. Returning from the cafe with his food, he entered into an elevator heading to his office on the 67th floor. The tight space was uncomfortably cold and silent, with extremely strange yet catchy elevator music playing.Prior to work he had gotten into an argument with his wife and as he slowly sipped his coffee savoring every ounce of it, he was contemplating the words he would say to her when he returned home. Five other men crowded into the elevator: Four were everyday workers in the twin towers, and the other was the monthly window washer. The smell of cleaning pr oducts and expensive cologne began to take over the air. You could see it on every face waiting for their stop that it was about to be a long day. The drawn out elevator ride was almost over. Only eighteen more floors to go and it would be time for him to sit down and rest his body.Suddenly, as the elevator hit the 50th floor, there was a large Ã¢â¬Å"boomÃ¢â¬ and the elevator began to bang violently from side to side. One of the men reached over and pressed the emergency button. As they all sat frustrated and worried waiting for a response, they became incredibly antsy. After what seemed like an agonizing amount of time, the operator informed them frantically that the building was under attack, and the loud Ã¢â¬Å"boomÃ¢â¬ they heard was a plane crashing into the building. The mood of the elevator drastically transformed from frustration to pure fear.As the smoke quickly became overwhelming, George instinctively grabbed his hanker chief and dipped it into his milk. He recalle d once being instructed that a wet cloth covering the face will help a person breathe during a fire emergency. Never having thought he would actually be in a situation that would put such a trick to use, he found the situation unfathomable. Wisely, they decided to keep calm and think of a way out. The window washer grabbed his squeegee and used all his might in an attempt to pry the doors open, asking with strained breathes for the others to join in and help.As a result, they finally got the doors open. George felt a sense of relief, as they were sliding the door open, but was hit by reality when he was met with two giant, painted letters Ã¢â¬â 50. Right in front of the doors; in front of his escape to enjoy the rest of his life with his beautiful wife, was a wall offering no escape. Then and there he pulled out his phone and dialed his wife, only to discover that there was no signal. The frustration he had towards himself was overflowing. All he could think about was how meaning less were. The frustration then gave him a kick to push on.He began to pierce through the wall with the metal end of the squeegee. After piercing a small hole the men all crowded around it trying to breathe in every bit of fresh oxygen they could. As a group, they worked towards kicking at the wall. Eventually they were able to create a hole big enough to crawl through. Before long George and the other men were discovered by a firefighter and led down the stairs. Every step he took he thought about hurrying home to his wife and saying the things he shouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve said before he left. Phoenix is a hero. His focus and ability to stay calm under pressure was phenomenal.There are many lessons a person could get out of this incredible story. But I think there was one extremely important lesson Mr. Phoenix wanted people to learn out of his story. That 43 minutes of his life taught George the importance of words, and that no matter what your emotion may be, you must use your words wisely . The day a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life is taken away remains unknown. Each life and therefore each day in a life is precious and should be valued. No matter what may be going on in life, keep your head held high and tell everyone that you love how much they mean to you. You never know when or what your last words may be to someone.
Friday, November 8, 2019
The system of alliances essays The system of Alliances and Ententes was most responsible for Britain entering the First World War in 1914. It is the view of some Historians that Britain entered the first world war in 1914 due to the alliances and ententes, however others believe it a combination of other factor s that made Britain decide to join the war. During the time the war started Britain had strong links with France due to the entente Cordiale, Japan due to the alliance of 1902 and Russia in 1907.The Entente cordiale restored relations between the two nations and also the countries had military conversations making Britain feel obliged to enter a war because of these commitments There were also some people in the Foreign office who wished to make the Entente into a full alliance, this shows that there was support for the French within the cabinet of the time. The alliance with Japan was to maintain the status quo of the far east and was defensive only. There were also another alliance in Europe at the time besides the triple entente; The Triple Alliance involved Germany, Italy and Austro Hungary, if there was a war between the two and Britain was not involved, Britain may have become the dominant power in Europe however they may have suffered from reduction in trade from the European powers. However if Germany had won Britain may have been in danger of losing a period of Anglo German antagonism or even Germany would attack Britain. If Russia became the most dominant country in Europe, there would be problems in the Far East and Asia as well. It seems that Britain may have entered the war to try to gain the best outcome. However, Britain had made no formal military agreements with any members of the triple entente and was not obliged to join a war if France did. Britain had also agreed to maintain the neutrality of Belgium in the treaty of London in 1839, and Germany demanded to be allowed to go through Belgium causing them to ask for...
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
10,000 Soldiers Die in Tyrol From Avalanches During World War I During World War I, a battle waged between Austro-Hungarian and Italian soldiers amidst the cold, snowy, mountainous region of South Tyrol. While freezing cold and enemy fire were obviously dangerous, even more deadly were the heavily snow-padded peaks that surrounded the troops. Avalanches brought tons of snow and rock down these mountains, killing at an estimated 10,000 Austro-Hungarian and Italian soldiers in December 1916. Italy Enters World War I When World War I began after the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz FerdinandÃ in June 1914, countries across Europe stood by their allegiances and declared war to support their own allies. Italy, on the other hand, did not. According to the Triple Alliance, first formed in 1882, Italy, Germany, and Austro-Hungary were allies. However, the terms of the Triple Alliance were specific enough to allow Italy, who had neither a strong military nor a powerful navy, to shirk their alliance by finding a way to remain neutral at the beginning of World War I. As the fighting continued into 1915, the Allied Forces (specifically Russia and Great Britain) began to woo the Italians into joining their side in the war. The lure for Italy was the promise of Austro-Hungarian lands, specifically a contested, Italian-speaking area in Tyrol, located in south-western Austro-Hungary. After more than two months of negotiations, the Allied promises were finally enough to bring Italy into World War I. Italy declared war on Austro-Hungary.on May 23, 1915. Getting the Higher Position With this new declaration of war, Italy sent troops north to attack Austro-Hungary, while Austro- Hungary sent troops to the southwest to defend itself. The border between these two countries was located in the mountain ranges of the Alps, where these soldiers fought for the next two years. In all military struggles, the side with the higher ground has the advantage. Knowing this, each side tried to climb higher into the mountains. Dragging heavy equipment and weaponry with them, soldiers climbed as high as they could and then dug in.Ã Tunnels and trenches were dug and blasted into the mountainsides, while barracks and forts were built to help protect the soldiers from the freezing cold. Deadly Avalanches While contact with the enemy was obviously dangerous, so were the frigid living conditions. The area, regularly icy, was particularly so from the unusually heavy snowstorms of the 1915-1916 winter, which left some areas covered in 40 feet of snow. In December 1916, the explosions from tunnel-building and from fighting took its toll for the snow began to fall off the mountains in avalanches. On December 13, 1916, a particularly powerful avalanche brought an estimated 200,000 tons of ice and rock on top of an Austrian barracks near Mount Marmolada. While 200 soldiers were able to be rescued, another 300 were killed. In the following days, more avalanches fell on troops both Austrian and Italian. The avalanches were so severe that an estimated 10,000 troops were killed by avalanche during December 1916. After the War These 10,000 deaths by avalanche did not end the war. Fighting continued into 1918, with a total of 12 battles fought in this frozen battlefield, most near the Isonzo River. When the war did end, the remaining, cold troops left the mountains for their homes, leaving much of their equipment behind.
Monday, November 4, 2019
Communication in Economics - Essay Example It is, hence, no surprise that, as of this writing, statistics showed that more than half of the total population of Zimbabwe is now living below poverty line. Ã¢â¬Å"According to the Confederation of Zimbabwe Industry, some 620 companies have closed shop since July 2000. The unemployment rate is at 80 percent and the official inflation rate has officially topped 782 percent, by far the highest in the world, while the International Monetary Fund puts the real rate at more than 900 percentÃ¢â¬ (Chigugu, 2006) The IMF has emphasized on the needs and urged the Zimbabwe government to implement certain policies. These policies according to IMF should aim at Ã¢â¬Å"strong fiscal adjustment; cutting state expenditure; full liberalization of the exchange rate regime; adoption of a strong monetary anchor by reducing money supply; fundamental structural reform, including price deregulation and public enterprise reform; strengthening of property rights and halting invasions of commercial farmland; and improvements in governance.Ã¢â¬ By the year 2005, the International Monetary Fund has already rang the alarm bells about the economic state of Zimbabwe. The interest rate was on a record of seventy percentages in year 2005 while the inflation was more than three hundred and fifty percentage. The IMF further underscored the fact that the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s gross domestic product will likely shrink another seven percent this year while some economists predict that by years end inflation could reach 1,000%. (Franceschi, 2005) And so if these problems are left unchecked, the IMF predicted an economic collapse very soon. These highlighted how poor the condition of ZimbabweÃ¢â¬â¢s economy has become. Not a few literature has explored the case of Zimbabwe and its political and economic system as well as its future. For this paper, I start with the fact that Zimbabwe governmental policies in place are self-destructive in a way that repressive political and economic
Friday, November 1, 2019
Discussion Board - Essay Example Internet has emerged as the conveyer of leadership, synchronizer of teamwork, and facilitator of communication. Rapid networking has integrated most of the managerial and communication processes in and around the organization. No doubt, Internet has thus expanded the scope of organizational behavior manifold. (Nelson and Quick, 2007) In this context, the example of ObWeb can be readily furnished, which is an entire website dedicated to the cause of organizational behavior. The website serves two main purposes: First, it helps thought sharing, communication, and research in the field of organizational behavior. Second, it strengthens the organizational behaviorist patterns of the academics and professionals by serving as an interactive social media platform. Hence, the web portal provides a forum for the members to ask questions, get answers, post announcements, and engage in a dialogue to address the issues related to organizational behavior. (Leana, 2010) Internet is perhaps one of the strongest tools of information technology (IT). Internet has enabled us to access huge amounts of data, communicate with each other across thousands of miles, and facilitate trans-platform integration of different technologies like email, ecommerce, etc. However, in regards of organizational behavior, the potential effects of IT and Internet are not uniformly positive. Organizations that rely on sophisticated information technologies are more vulnerable to vandalism, espionage, and sabotage. Moreover, IT can create new social divisions. For example, the computer savvy may be put vis-Ã -vis the nonuser and the educated may dominate the uneducated in newer ways. Faster ways to communicate through the Internet cannot substitute the critical human qualities like common sense and good judgment. Rather, too many channels of communication may lead to contradictions and confusion. Hence, advent of Internet has introduced new problems related to network